Preparation of Solutions

Description of how marine salts were mixed and what equipment was used.

Direct quote from the S-15™ Report™


1 – Container and paddle for preparing solutions:
A six gallon polyethylene pail and large polyethylene paddle were prepared before use by rinsing with one gallon of 1% nitric acid for 1 1/2 to 2 minutes, draining thoroughly, then rinsing three times with demonized water with through draining between rinses.

2 – Containers for storing and shipping prepared solutions:
52 gallon polyethylene bottles were treated sequentially with 500 ml f 1% nitric acid, shaking well, then transferring thoroughly from bottle to bottle before discarding. Each bottle was then individually rinsed twice with 200 ml portions of demonized water, then finally rinsed with the specific salt solution before being filled with it to make the solutions to be analyzed.

3 – Containers for storing prepared solutions for visual examination:
26 Pyrex screw-cap bottles (Teflon[®]-lined caps) were prepared as in paragraph 2- above.

Preparation of Solutions:

1 – 26 factory-sealed containers of the various synthetic sea salts as described on pages 1,2, and 3 had been received and were collectively assigned Anresco File identification:

2 – One at a time, each of the packages were carefully opened at one end, and 60-700 gin were transferred to correspondingly labeled ziploc[®] polyethylene bags. Original packages were resealed with plastic tape.

3 – From these ziplock[®] bags, 500.0 gm of salts were sequentially transferred to the pail, and demonized water was added to make solutions as specified on the labels.

4 – The prepared solutions were transferred to correspondingly labeled plastic and glass bottles by means of a polyethylene siphon pump. The latter had been acid-rinsed, then rinsed with demonized water, then rinsed with the subject solutions before use.


1 – Solutions were prepared at Anresco, Inc.
2 – One 1-gal plastic bottle of each of the solutions was shipped to the Environmental Trace Substances Research Center at the University of Missouri, 5450 S. Sinclair Road, Columbia, MO 65203 and another was retained at Anresco, Inc.

All metals and boron, silicon, selenium and arsenic were assayed at the Research Center by ICP with solutions diluted either 1:3 or 1:10. Whenever the values derived from the 1:10 dilutions were at least 10 times the detection limit for the specific element, these values were preferentially accepted. For certain on the elements chelation extraction’s at pH 3 and pH 6 preceded ICP assays. Cobalt was determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption.

3 – Moistures in salts, specific gravities and pH’s of the solutions, carbonates, bi-carbonates, sulfates, chlorides, bromides, iodides and phosphates were run at Anresco, Inc. using AOAC procedures.

The S-15™ Report™ is a milestone.

For the first time in history, concerned individuals put their money where it was needed. Funding for the S-15™ Report™ was provided by Global Scientific Publications. After decades of the colorful promotions for various marine salts, we finally have a definitive reference point on which to judge which marine salts compare favorably with natural sea water, and which do not measure up. We can now compare scientific results to what is printed on various packages and offered in colorful advertisements. We can better understand why some marine salts can perform better than others.